Monday, 23 February 2015

Winter's End

 'February is merely as long as is needed, to pass the time until March'

February has almost blown itself out with its bitter winds and March will be creeping in as of next week, bringing with it the promise of warmer sunshine and longer days.  Last week in Oakley copse Ryan, myself and Tony spotted our first butterfly of the year; a Red Admiral that must have been woken up from hibernation by the warmth of the sun that day and was dozily fluttering around us, probably slightly shell shocked after such a long nap.  It flitted right past my face (probably attracted to how sweaty I was after chainsawing, like a human salt lick) and seeing that jerky flight movement that is so characteristic of butterflies felt vaguely surreal; although you may see butterflies from March to October or beyond, so most of the year, the months when you are without them seem to feel like such a long time that when they do start reappearing, it’s like discovering a new species all over again!

In preparation for other small things waking up, Sparsholt students have been out with me for a tour of our woodlands and to help in setting up a new Dormouse survey grid.  As I have mentioned before, we have dormouse boxes in a couple of woodlands across our estate, in the hunt for these elusive little creatures.  They only went up last year and so it was unsurprising that no dormice were found using them last summer as it can often take a few years for them to move into the boxes. 
Sparsholt putting up Dormouse boxes
I have constantly found myself baffled though, at the lack of known dormice presence in our woodlands as we have everything they need (which, despite their name suggesting it, is not just Hazel).   However back in December, our deer stalker who works across our estate mentioned to me that he had seen a dormouse a few weeks previously, running along a fallen tree and down into a Hazel stool!  I resisted the urge to throttle him for not telling me sooner, as by the time I found out all dormice would have been tucked deep into hibernation – in fact that is likely to be what the one he saw was doing, looking for a spot to hibernate down in the roots of a hazel stool. So!  A first time sighting for the estate and one which I instantly set to work utilizing – I placed 50 nest tubes throughout this area of woodland and then Sparsholt have come out with handmade nest boxes and placed the beginnings of a new next box grid throughout the woodland too.  All I can do now, is sit back on impatient heels and wait for spring to come and for any dormice to start waking up and revealing themselves to me…unfortunately, patience is a virtue I am not renowned for!
Nest tube
Now, every other Sunday across our Mottisfont, Stockbridge and New Forest estates we work with SHNTV (South Hampshire National Trust Volunteers) doing various tasks throughout the year.  Last Sunday it was my turn to lead the day and we had the joyous task of removing old tree protection tubes and stakes from hedgerows around the estate that no longer required them.  If you drive round Mottisfont you will see hundreds of these tubes in the hedgerow, encasing a tree that has long outgrown it and doesn’t need protecting from rabbit damage anymore.  The plastic tubes are supposedly ‘biodegradable’ but I am yet to come across any that do in fact biodegrade within the life span of any human or tree – I reckon some will take hundreds of years to fall apart which isn’t much good as the tree inside will either be long dead or have grown over it!
So in order to rid our hedgerows of these plastic tubes – which don’t get me wrong are essential for newly planted trees, to avoid them being damaged by grazing animals – myself and the Sunday group set to work armed with penknives, Stanley knives, secateurs and eye goggles and, quite literally – dove in.  I found the best technique was to crawl into the centre of the hedge (which naturally had a good amount of thorn and friggin’ bramble within) and then crawl through the middle corridor slicing open the tubes with my knife and chucking them out through the branches.  I can see the appeal to wildlife in using the hedgerow as a corridor – it was quite cosy once you got inside!

Lurking in the hedgerow...

 The weather was cold but kind and we had a very successful day, clearing tubes from about 1.5km of hedgerow.  We stash the tubes until we have a big enough amount to take to a special recycling unit that will mash them up and reuse them – far more sustainable then letting them biodegrade for a thousand years in a hedgerow I reckon.

Last week saw our team travel to the far shores of Purbeck, to go and spend a day with the rangers at Studland clearing gorse from the sand dune heathland ecosystem.  The weather was truly glorious, with blue skies blazing and the sun beaming down – enough so that I was hoping to spot the first adders out basking, however I think we were making too much noise!  The Purbeck team came up to the New Forest a couple of months ago and did a day working with us, so this was our way of returning the favour.  

Waiting for the chain ferry - look at that blue, blue sky!

We took a minibus of volunteers with us, with Lee at the wheel (hence the fact they got lost around Ringwood and Poole) whilst Laura and I drove another truck down with more volunteers and all our tools.  When we got to the site the team gave us a brief talk about the habitat and the ecosystem – it’s not just any heathland site, but a sand dune heathland site which makes it that bit extra special.  Also interesting to learn was that elements such as the concrete pillar boxes which were onsite during the war and have since been blown up have meant that lime from the concrete blocks have, over many years, leached into the soil around it, changing its PH and thus allowing a wider diversity of species to grow here (heathlands are generally acidic, but the lime reduces this acidity which in turns allows different niche species to come in).  The site is also home to all six native British reptiles – much to my delight, I made a note to return here in spring and hunt them out.   

Our task was to assist in the cutting and clearing of degenerate, overgrown gorse.  Gorse is a brilliant habitat for reptiles on heathlands but it can get rather out of control and swallow up the heather and other species.  Due to the steeply undulating dune landscape the team here are unable to use machines to clear the gorse (and it would be too damaging to the dune habitat) so they can only cut and clear by hand.  So in we went, armed with chainsaws and bow saws and, having plotted out the area they wanted work doing, we attacked.  I found a great satisfaction in chainsawing my way across a swathe of hillside, piling up the cut gorse as I went, and looking back to see the trail we were carving. 
Ploughing our way through the gorse (photo credits: David Jones, NT)

 As well as the sandy soil the presence of hidden blocks of blown up concrete meant we had to be careful not to wreck our chainsaws by catching them which would inevitably blunt the teeth.  However I managed to avoid doing so until the very last moment, when I saw the sparks fly as a concrete lump leapt out of the gorse at me and just caught my saw.  The Purbeck team kept us well fed and watered throughout the day and we all had a great time – I couldn’t get over the beauty of the place and everytime I reached the top of a dune I would stand there gawping for a minute, at the rolling heathland, with the sandy beach beyond and Old Harry and his Wife standing guard out in the blue sea.  So a big thanks to the Purbeck team for having us and to our volunteers who risked Lee’s minibus driving to come and assist and when the weather turns truly warmer – I will be heading back to enjoy the site at its summer peak, with the coconut scent of gorse in my nostrils…
The devastation we left behind - an ocean of cut Gorse for burning...(photo credit; David Jones NT)

Finally, take note of our avian friends as winter draws to a close – I keep seeing a good number of birds on the lawns of Mottisfont that at a casual glance may be mistaken for Song Thrushes, with their speckled breasts.  However if you stop and look you will spot the beautiful russet red feathers on their sides which identify them as Redwings, our smallest UK Thrush and a winter visitor from the North.  They will be leaving soon, throughout March and April, so enjoy them whilst you can as they are a delightful bird.

Redwings on the lawns of Mottisfont

And talking of feathered friends, if any of you have read my blog long enough to remember the tale of ‘Goldie’ the Goldfinch I rescued back in April 2013, then I am delighted to report that according to the Mottisfont Bird Report 2014 (compiled by Alan Snook) Goldie was spotted again in 2014 at the bird feeders at Visitor Reception.  Goldie was found unconscious with a damaged wing in the grounds of Mottisfont and I took on the task of taking him home, sorting his wing out and keeping him for a month until it healed.  Once he was able to fly again I released him back where he was found and he was seen later that year with a flock of finches, recognisable by his wonky wing which although healed, is now always held at a slight angle to the other.  The last I heard of him was at the end of 2013 so I was thrilled when I read Alan’s report that showed he had been seen again in 2014 in a winter flock – gives you a real glow of pride!   And fingers crossed that Jasper, the Nuthatch I reared last year will make an appearance this Spring back at his birth tree, as I would love to see him again and know how he is getting on – although this isn’t some modern day Snow White story where all the small birds I’ve saved will flutter round me singing sweet ballads, so I will probably never know their fate – but it doesn’t stop me keeping my ears open for the call of a hungry Nuthatch or my eyes peeled for a wonky winged Goldfinch and a familiar feathered face.

Friday, 6 February 2015

The Year of the Sheep...

Brrrrrrrrr!  The last couple of weeks has reddened our noses and frozen our digits as snow, sleet and bitter winds have all graced us with their presence.  I have taken to wrapping my feet in newspaper inside my wellies for insulation, and we have all turned into hooded, scarf over face people, from which only a peeping pair of eyes is visible.

One of my sheep lookers pointed out that February 2015 is the beginning of the Chinese New Year, which this year is – the Year of the Sheep!  As a result we felt that part of this blog post dedicated to the flock was a worthy tribute, in honour of our Ovine workers.  Over the year many of them have been given names, by either myself or the lookers as each individual character or appearance became more recognised.  Such names include:
Boadicea (the leader of the rebel pack)
Margo/Maggot Neck (our fly strike victim who I call Maggot Neck, but our sheep lookers changed it to the more pleasant Margo)
Fatty Boom (Our plumpest girl who never loses weight)
Walter (The Wether, sole male of the flock)
Bigfoot (named obviously for her large camel like front feet and the fact she will follow you to the ends of the earth for the nut bucket)
And no doubt more will follow as they each develop their own perks.

When the snow fell the other day I took up bales of hay to the flock as they were unable to graze the grass and I was met by 28 rather cross sounding bleating sheep who seemed to be implying that I should have got there much sooner and didn’t I know how hungry they were?  I filled their corral with hay, added some sheep nuts for good measure and then was consequently trampled by the resulting stampede as I opened the gate to let them in.  After picking myself up and picking off the clumps of frozen dung I’d fallen in, I then inspected their water bowser which had frozen up.  

I smashed the ice layer and scooped it out, nearly losing a finger to frostbite in the process – you can see from the above picture how thick the layer of ice can get here – being a North facing slope, it seems to take a while longer for everything to thaw out.  The girls seemed suitably appeased with their snouts deep in hay and I admired their thick winter fleeces that enable them to stay warm and cosy on that bitter snowy slope.

From snow to Snowdrops – it’s that time of year again where the first little hints of spring have poked their way up through the soil in the form of pure white snowdrops.  Each year we do Wild Snowdrop Walks from Mottisfont grounds across to one of our private woodlands.  These are organised by myself and our Visitor Experience team and then facilitated by our Outdoor Guide volunteers who lead the walks across the weekend.  Walks are on the 7/8th Feb and 14/15th Feb at 10.30am, 12.30pm and 2pm – from within the pay zone.  I walked the route the other day to ensure it was all ok and enjoyed the site of a beautiful white carpet of flowers, spread out in the dappled sunlight beneath the canopy.  Whilst I favour bright yellow daffodils as my favourite flower, you really can’t help but feel joy at the site of snowdrops – a visual feast for the eyes after the long winter, they are a little signpost on the road to Spring.

I was driving around the Mottisfont estate the other day, taking the chance to check in on some of the sites I hadn’t got to for a while.  I headed to Oakley plantation, a small woodland of ours that is a mix of coniferous plantation and out-of-rotation hazel coppice with standards.  Ryan and the volunteers have been working hard to start sorting this woodland out, by bringing the coppice back into a rotation and removing the softwoods which Dave then sells for logs and timber.  Sparsholt College have also been helping us fell the softwoods here as part of their chainsaw training courses, so everybody gets a benefit.
Last year we coppiced the first section of the woodland and this winter Ryan and the volunteers have just completed another section, as well as removing a load of softwood.  I hadn’t got there for a good few weeks so went along the other day to have a nosey and was gobsmacked by the amount of work that had been done and how good it looked.  The section they have cleared this winter is a fairly large section and is now ready for deer fencing to be installed.  The wood has all been sorted into piles for charcoal making and it all looks fantastic – considering when I was last there it was a tangled mess of overgrown hazel, softwood and birch!  I cannot wait to see the ground flora that will pop up in couple of months, now that they can reach the light….
The newly cleared section in Oakley
And in case you are wondering where the wood goes to be made into logs – Dave extracts it to our wood yard where he and our wood yard volunteers then spend many happy hours (boys and toys!) cutting them to length and putting them through the log processor which spits them out as beautiful logs, perfect for your wood burning stove or fire place.  Below you can see Phil and Alan our volunteers, in action, ploughing their way through the timber pile and creating wooden money.
From wood to fireplace...

 Another place I visited whilst roaming the estate was the Oakley Oak.  I felt it was high time I reacquainted myself with this magnificent tree beast to see how it was doing during winter and also to check the Barn Owl was still in residence.  I walked beneath its gargantuan boughs and marvelled, as I always do, at its presence, from the huge knobbly root buttresses, worn smooth from hundreds of years of people sitting on them, to the craggy hollow limbs that extended skywards.  Beneath one limb I found a pile of Owl pellets (the small bundles of indigestable fur and bone that they regurgitate) which reassured me that the Barn Owl was still doing well and remained tucked up in his chosen limb and as always put the nursery rhyme in my head: ‘A wise old owl, lived in an Oak.  The more he heard, the less he spoke. The less he spoke, the more he heard – why can’t we all be like that wise old bird?’
Examining the pellets I found shrew, vole and mice skulls (you can especially tell shrew skulls as they have red tipped teeth) which seemed to point to a good supply of food.  I then clambered up into the arms of the tree and found several more areas of pellets which could either mean the owl is perching from several roosts, or that there is more than one using the tree which would be excellent news. 
Owl pellets - spot the skulls!

As I sat in the branches of that ancient Oak I looked out at the river which rippled alongside it, crystal clear and musical, and at the sunlit fields that surrounded it where cattle gently wandered.  Birds were singing and calling and the sun held the first hint of warmth I had felt in a long time and with this I felt my heart lift ever so slightly; Spring was coming.  We were almost there.

Our Oakley Oak

Thursday, 29 January 2015

Full steam ahead.

I realise we are almost out of January now, but a rather delayed Happy New Year to you all anyway.  Time has flown on swift wings as usual and I have had absolutely no time to write about what we have been up to, as we have been too busy doing it!

These first few weeks of 2015 have proven as fast paced as I predicted and whilst we don’t have the storm damage that faced us last New Year to contend with we are still being kept on our toes with trying to catch up after the festive break.

One of the first things we got to do this year was one of the more fun – a chainsaw course in large tree felling!  Myself, Ryan, Laura and Mike spent a happy three days learning new ways to knock over large trees safely which also involved a type of cut called a ‘Danish Pie cut’ – just made me hungry when the assessor was explaining it to us.  A lot of our woodland work involves plantation felling, in order to sell the softwoods to timber merchants and allow the cleared areas to regenerate with natural broadleaved species.  All but one of the plantation species are not native to the UK (such as Douglas Fir, Norway Spruce) and the only native one – Scots Pine – is more naturally at home further north in the country, and in Scotland. So as part of our English Woodland Grant Scheme we are targeted with removing the plantations and allowing the natural deciduous trees to fill in the gaps and so it came to pass that we were able to work our chainsaw course around this and begin working on another area of plantation felling at the same time. 

Laura, Ryan, myself and 'Loggerhead Mike' after finishing our course

 Needless to say things got a bit competitive and whilst I managed to fell the tallest tree (114ft), both Laura and Mike felled ones that were significantly wider around the base; mine measured only 3ft across whilst their chunkers’ were at least another foot in width.  Our assessor took some videos of us felling and below are videos of Laura and I felling our trees – mine is in slow motion (which gives some impressive tree creaking noises) and Laura’s is in time lapse which makes her look like she has had a lot of energy drinks!

We all passed successfully and enjoyed ourselves at the same time, so a good few days all round.


Also with us for the first 3 weeks of January were work placement students from Sparsholt who came and mucked in with everything we could throw at them; from working in the winter chill of the river, to building a pole lathe, to ride clearance work, to tree planting, to gorse cutting, to sheep vaccinations, they had a taste of our work across all our sites and (I think) they thoroughly enjoyed it.  We enjoyed having them and found them very helpful and good to work with, so thanks Paul and Andy for all your efforts; hope we haven’t put you off a countryside career too much!

.And talking of sheep vaccinations….Last week saw the Dreaded Date arrive, the annual vaccination and worming of our sheep flock.  You may remember from last year’s account (Mud-Wrestle-Sheep-Rugby) that Ryan and I had one hell of a task getting all the sheep treated, and got very battered, bruised and dragged around in the process, so it was with justifiable trepidation that I set the date for this year’s wrestling match.  I told the students to ensure they had a good supply of Radox and Deep Heat waiting for them at home afterwards and Ryan and I regaled them with the horror stories from last year.  We loaded up the trucks with vaccines, needles, worming guns and hurdles and set off.  When we arrived, I went on ahead in order to try and call all the flock into the corral – if we went in with both trucks the sheep would know that something different was going on and would be unlikely to come willingly (I realise this sounds ridiculous, but its true – they recognise my truck and will come running for sheep nuts but when we go in with two trucks they know it means something bad for them; such as being rounded up, so they keep away – I never knew their memories were so good).  
I started bellowing to the empty hills ‘COME OOOOOOOONNNNN!’ and within seconds I heard the answering bleats as a stream of fat white blobs came running out of the trees.  They all came into the corral for sheep nuts and I counted them with my fingers crossed: 27 – 1 missing. Damn! Here we go, I thought, the usual one missing that will refuse to be caught.  I shut the rest in the corral for the moment and called again and again, hoping we wouldn’t have to try and catch one sheep on a 4 hectare slope of woodland and grassland.  After a minute or so, during which time it began to snow lightly, I heard a very faint ‘baaaaaaa’ in the distance.  I called again and the answering cry got louder: ‘baaaaaaa….baaaaaaa.baaaaaa.baaaaaaaa!' until out of the scrub popped the final sheep, screaming at the top of her woolly lungs at being the last one to arrive at the dinner table and running full pelt.  She rolled down the slope and straight through the gate I held open for her and Bingo! half the battle was already won, with the entire flock penned up within ten minutes

Penned up

Ryan and the students then drove across and we unloaded, got a pen system set up and got all the medical stuff ready and then, with our fingers already frozen in the chill, we began.  The students were keen to do some sheep handling so Ryan and I happily let them do the majority of the heavy work, grabbing sheep and holding them in place, whilst we sorted out the vaccines and the worming doses.   
rugby catching sheep!
The medical bay.
With four of us we got a good system going and I couldn’t believe it as the sheep flowed through smoothly one after the other.  Whilst they weren’t happy about being stabbed with a needle and made to swallow a dose of Cydectin, they seemed easier to deal with than ever before – I didn’t get head butted in the face, no nasal botfly larvae was procured and overall it was our easiest, most successful sheep treatment session ever with all animals wormed, vaccinated, condition scored and given a general MOT within two hours.  They were all marked with a bright purple Nike style tick on their rumps so we could see which ones we had done; they didn’t seem too keen on sporting their new logo’s but they will just have to put up with them until they shed their fleeces in early summer. 
Job done.

If you read my blog throughout the summer months you will know how much I waffle on about butterflies, those colourful guardians of the warmer months.  Whilst they are all dormant at this time of year we can at least pave the way for them and to this end I took the Monday volunteers out to do some work on a Duke of Burgundy project that we doing on Stockbridge Down.  Duke of Burgundy is a small little butterfly, incorrectly named a Fritillary.  They are in fact a member of the Metalmark (Lycaenidae) family, the only member of this family to be found in Britain and Europe.  
The Duke of Burgundy
They were once a creature of woodland glades and coppiced areas but as coppicing became less practiced and the glades and open areas become more overgrown the Duke of Burgundy suffered.  They are a fairly fussy butterfly that requires its food plant of Primrose or Cowslip to be in partial shade on the edge of a glade and not out in full sun where they may wither.  I’ve heard they like plants to have at least 4 leaves on which to lay their eggs (although how they can count I don’t know).  With the cessation of coppicing they did manage to adapt to scrubby chalk downland areas that had their food plants on such as Stockbridge Down and as woodland management changes to try and encourage rides, glades and coppicing they are making a comeback.  Across the road from the Down we have a strip of land and in the neighbouring field that borders it there is a good size colony of Dukes.  The Dukes are often seen on our strip of land of, having crossed over from their colony and we have consequently been doing our bit by cutting back some of the overgrown hazel on our land and opening up the glades where their foodplants are found.  This work has been started by the volunteers and to further it, the Butterfly Conservation Trust are funding us to do more work with contractors, cutting a large swathe of overgrown hazel which will open up the Duke area a lot more and also enable us to bring the hazel back into rotation.  I hope that this work will not only keep the butterflies coming across to our land but encourage them to further breed and spread across the Down.  So come May and June you may see me wandering through the cleared areas peering at some tiny fluttering specks among the Cowslips and the Primrose….

Clearing overgrown hazel

Opening up the glade